TMJ Dentistry in Lake Oswego, OR

TMD, Your Bite, and Neuromuscular Dentistry

Do you know the importance of the position of your teeth? Your occlusion, also called your bite, is the position of your jaw when your teeth are together. In the past, dentists based treatment decisions on the natural position of your bite, rather than attempting adjustments.

However, modern dentistry has shown us that a problematic jaw position can play a significant role in TMJ issues. As a neuromuscular dentist, Dr. Bowden takes every aspect of the jaw including teeth, joints, and muscles into consideration to offer specialized treatments for TMD.  

What Is TMD?

TMD refers to temporomandibular joint disorders. To understand TMD, Dr. Bowden believes it’s important to understand how the muscles in your jaw work. 

The temporomandibular joints, the TMJ, are what connect your jaw to your skull. These joints work similarly to a ball and socket. The end of the joint, referred to as the condyle, works within the corresponding depression in the skull, called the fossa. Between these two structures lies the articular disk, a small, round piece of cartilage that connects and separates the joints, allowing you to perform tasks such as chewing, swallowing, speaking, and smiling.

Depending on how the muscles are holding the jaw, the articular disk may either move freely or become pinched, resisting the natural movement of the jaw until it’s released. This is what produces the signature clicking sound many patients with TMD are familiar with. 

Additional Causes of TMD

Other common causes of temporomandibular joint disorders include the following:


Repeated jaw clenching or teeth grinding (bruxism), can change your bite. If your bite becomes misaligned, then your muscles may push the temporomandibular joints out of their sockets in order to force your teeth together. This strain can contribute to the development of TMD.


When you’re stressed, you’re more likely to experience muscle tension, which can lead to clenching your jaw or grinding your teeth. This can lead to the repositioning of the temporomandibular joints out of their sockets, causing TMD.  


Arthritis is a painful inflammation of one or more joints. If you have arthritis, your temporomandibular joints could be affected, contributing to jaw pain and difficulties with biting and speaking.


An injury to the muscles of your head and neck can lead to damaged or displaced temporomandibular joints.

Improper Head Posture

Because of the interdependent nature of the entire musculoskeletal system, the postural muscles of your head can be affected by the posture of the rest of your body. If unresolved tension in the muscles of the neck and upper back affects your posture, it may interfere with your bite and cause TMJ issues.

Symptoms of TMJ/TMD

Temporomandibular disorders are a serious concern that causes more issues than a simple clicking noise. Other common symptoms of TMJ/TMD include:

  • Chronic pain and soreness in your face, neck, head, shoulders, and jaw
  • Temporal headaches due to overworked postural muscles in the jaw 
  • Tinnitus, a regular ringing in your ears
  • Stiffness or an inability to relax your jaw
  • Jaw clenching or grinding
  • Swallowing problems
  • Excessive snoring or sleep apnea

TMD Treatment

As a neuromuscular dentist, Dr. Bowden will perform a full examination and ask about any symptoms relating to your posture, appearance, the condition of your teeth, and existing bite to provide an accurate diagnosis. He’ll also collaborate with your other healthcare professionals as needed to help alleviate all possible issues that can cause or contribute to TMD.

If there’s nothing Dr. Bowden can do for you, he’ll refer you to another healthcare professional for evaluation of other possible issues. 

Possible treatments for temporomandibular disorders include:

  • Oral appliance therapy
  • Surgery
  • Therapy
  • Medication
  • Electrical muscle stimulation     

The kind of treatment you receive will depend on your unique case. Rest assured that Dr. Bowden will consider every aspect of your situation to arrive at the best result.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do temporomandibular joint disorders go away on their own?
How much does TMJ treatment cost?
Do temporomandibular joint disorders go away on their own?

Temporomandibular disorders may resolve themselves or last for years. Additionally, they can get worse over time, which is why Dr. Bowen recommends seeking an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. If you believe you’re suffering from TMD, call our Lake Oswego office by dialing (503) 675-7300 to schedule an appointment.

How much does TMJ treatment cost?

The exact cost of your TMJ treatment will vary per patient. Certain factors that influence cost include the treatment you need, the severity of your case, and your insurance coverage. We encourage you to call your provider ahead of time to see what your plan covers. To help our patients receive the care they need, we accept most major cards and also offer third-party financing through CareCredit.

Relieve Your Jaw Pain at Aesthetic Dentistry of Lake Oswego

If you’re ready to find relief from temporomandibular joint disorders, call Aesthetic Dentistry of Lake Oswego at (503) 675-7300 and schedule your appointment with Dr. Bowden. You can also request an appointment online and a friendly team member will get back to you shortly. We provide lasting relief to new and returning patients from Lake Oswego and surrounding areas such as Portland, Tualatin, Wilsonville, Beaverton, Tigard, and Sherwood, OR.